Conceptual Metaphor Theory in Poetrys’ Code


  • Trifa Omar Ahmed Translation Department, Language College, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Muhammad Karim Ahmed Department of Kurdish Language, Education College of Sharazur, University of Halabja, Halabja, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



Conceptual metaphors, Ontological metaphor, Structural metaphor, Orientational metaphor, Imagistic metaphor, Poetic codes


Common conceptual metaphors are used in poetry, as part of the conceptual metaphor theory,  that enables poets to express their poetic images and depict their world through a mixture of language and cultural codes. This study is an attempt to show how conceptual poetic metaphors are illustrated in Kurdish poems by analysing source and target domains. According to the theory, the target domain which is the metaphor emerges from the source domain,  that is generally the source of our common knowledge of the world. This leads speakers and listeners to easily categorise and make sense of the abstract terms. In this research, samples of poems were analyzed and categorized according to four types of conceptual metaphors such as imagistic, orientational, ontological and structural. They were also given two codes in reference to both aforementioned domains. Therefore, the Mapping  between the two sources in the literary samples was observed and shown in the present paper.


یەکەم: بەزمانی کوردیی

ا. کتێب:

١. هەردی، ئەحمەد (١٩٩١)، ڕازی تەنیایی، چاپی سێیەم.

٢. بێکەس، شێرکۆ (٢٠٠٨)، زێ و زنە، چاپخانەی ڕەنج، سلێمانی.

٣. پەشێو، عەبدولڵا (٢٠٠٨)، هەسپم هەورە و ڕکێفم چیا، چاپی سێیەم، هەولێر.

٤. پەشێو، عەبدوڵڵا (٢٠٠٨)، پشت لە نەوا و ڕوو لە کڕێوە، چاپی سێیەم، چاپخانەی هێڤی، هەولێر.

٥. هەڵمەت، لەتیف (٢٠١٤)، دیوانی لەتیف هەڵمەت، چاپخانەی تاران.

٦. هەڵمەت، لەتیف (٢٠٠٩)، دیوانی لەتیف هەڵمەت بەرگی سێ، چاپخانەی روون.

٧. عوسمان، محەمەد عومەر (٢٠١١)، لەغوربەتا، چاپی سێیەم، دەزگای چاپ و پەخشی سەردەم، سلێمانی.

٨. هێمن (٢٠٠٦)، ناڵەی جودایی، خانەی چاپ و بڵاوکردنەوەی چوارچرا، سلێمانی.

ب. گۆڤار:

١. ئیسماعیل, ش.ئ., شیلان ئه‌حمه‌د, حمه‌ غریب، به‌هره‌ سلام, 2020. میتافۆرییه‌چه‌مکییه‌کان له‌زماندا. Journal of Garmian University, 7(3), pp.189-198.‎

٢. جەواد، هۆشەنگ فارووق (٢٠٢١)، پوختەیەکی تیۆری مێتافۆرە چەمکییەکان و پەیڕەوکردنی بەسەر هەندێ ئیدیۆمی کوردیدا، ژمارە ٤٩، گۆڤاری ئەکادیمیای کوردی، لاپەرە ٣٥_٦٨.

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How to Cite

Ahmed, T. O., & Ahmed, M. K. (2022). Conceptual Metaphor Theory in Poetrys’ Code: . Halabja University Journal, 7(4), 21-38.

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