Personality in Jan Dost's Historical Novels ( The Price’s Message, Three Steps and a Gallows) as Examples

Authors

  • Gzng Hassan Rasul Kurdish Department, College of Languages. University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Mohammad Dler Ameen Kurdish Department, College of Languages. University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10395

Keywords:

Personality, Historical Novel, Ahmadi Khani, Sheikh Saeed Piran

Abstract

The history of the novel has undergone a series of changes and embraced other literary genres. This led to the emergence of several new types of novel and the readers’ familiarity with it, due to the vitality and impact of this literary genre on other literary genres, as it sometimes crosses the boundaries of other literary genres, and merges with other fields of the human sciences, such as history. Hence, the novel’s readers get acquainted with a new type of novel, which is (the historical novel), i.e. a narration of a historical event or the mention of a historical figure in a literary melting pot such as a novel, that is, in parallel with the novelist narrating the historical event, he does not ignore the techniques (methods) of writing novel and its technical elements. Rather, while narrating this history, the novelist seeks to present a special taste to the reader in order for the reader to feel that what he is reading is not a pure history, but rather a historical narrative, presented through novel’s techniques and its artistic elements. The examples of this type of historical novel in Kurdish literature have not been noticeably taken care of, but the attempts of some novelists in this field are subject to examination and worthy of study, including the novelist (Jan Dost), who wrote a number of historical novels, where we studied the two novels (Meernama) and (Three Steps and a Gallows). Meernamah's novel deals with the Kurdish historical figure (Ahmad Khani), and his struggle to educate his people, as he tried to unify the Kurdish princes for the sake of independence and obtain the rights of his people, striving for coexistence and accepting different religions and nationalities. The novel (Three Steps and a Gallows) deals with the last night in the life of (Sheikh Saeed Piran) as a historical figure, as the novel returns via flashback to the three stages of his life.

References

١- ئەحمەدزادە. هاشم.(٢٠١٢).زمان ئەدەب و ناسنامە.چاپی یەکەم. هەولێر.چاپخانەی ئاراس.

٢- ئەسوەد.نەوزاد ئەحمەد.(٢٠١١).فەرهەنگی زاراوەی ئەدەبی و ڕەخنەیی. سلێمانی.چاپخانەی بینایی.

٣- ئەحمەد.کەمال مەزهەر.(١٩٨٣).مێژوو. بغداد.دارالافاق العربیە.

٤- برادبری.ئیبزامر مالکام.(٢٠٠٨).ڕۆمان چییە؟.وەرگێڕانی جەواد مستەفا.چاپی یەکەم. دهۆک.چاپخانەی حانی.

٥- حەسەن ، حەمەسەعید.(٢٠١٠).لە هەیڤدا بۆ ڕووی تۆ و لە پەيڤدا بۆ خۆم دەگەڕێم.چاپی یەکەم. هەولێر.یڵاوکردنەوەی ئاراس.

٦- دۆست.جان،(٢٠١٦)،سێ هەنگاو و سێدارەیەک-شەوی کۆتایی ژیانی شێخ سەعیدی پیران،داڕشتنەوەی سۆرانی : وریا غەفووری ،چاپی یەکەم،چاپخانە تاران.ناوەندی غەزەلنووس –بۆ چاپ و بڵاوکردنەوە.

٧- دۆست.جان .(٢٠١٧)،وەرگێڕانی :سەباح ئیسماعیل،چاپی سێیەم ، چاپخانە تاران.ناوەندی غەزەلنووس –بۆ چاپ و بڵاوکردنەوە.

٨- سەعید.دانا علی.(٢٠٠٨).هەژان.بروسکە گەڕانێکە بە ناو شاری مۆسیقارە سپییەکانی بەختیار عەلی.چاپی یەکەم. سلێمانی.دەزگای چاپ و پەخشی سەردەم.

نامە ئەکادیمییەکان کوردییەکان :

٩- مەحمودجاف.ئیبراهیم عبدولرەحمان.(٢٠٠٤).ڕەنگدانەوەی ڕوداوی مێژوویی لە ڕۆمانی کوردیدا.بڕوانامەی ماستەر لە ئەدەبی کوردیدا.زانکۆی بەغداد.

نامە ئەکادیمییەکان عەرەبییەکان :

١٠- علي.كةشة عبدالله( 2019). روايات على المجارم التاريخية دراسة دلالية.اطروحة دكتوراه. كلية اللغات . قسم الغة العربية.جامعة السليمانية.

پەرتوکە عەرەبیەکان:

١١- - فورستر.ا.م.(1994).اركان الرواية.ترجمة موسى العاصي. الطبعة الاولى. لبنان.دار جروس برس.

١٢- الشمالي.نضال.(2006).الرواية و التاريخ – بحث في مستويات الخطاب في الرواية التاريخية العربية عالم الكتب الحديث. الطبعة الاولى ،الاردن.

١٣- قاسم.سيزا احمد.(1984). بناء الرواية (دراسة مقارنة الثلاثية نجيب محفوظ). القاهرة.الهيئة المصرية العامة الكتاب.

١٤ - لوكاش.جورج.(1986).الرواية التاريخية.ترجمة صالح جواد الكاظم.الطبعة الثانيية. العراق – بغداد. دار الشؤون الثقافة العامة.

پەرتوکە ئینگلیزیەکان :

-Bradley, James. )2010(. Email to author, October 9.Curthoys Ann, and John Docker. 2010. Is history fiction? 2nd ed. Sydney: UNSWPress

- Kuiper .B)2012(. pilgrims progress! : how a novel can affect an entire cultures communication . paper presented at fifth and communication . conference Camp loell university. North caroling.

Fletcher, Lisa.) 2008 )Historical romance fiction: Heterosexuality and performativity.Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate.

Published

2021-12-30

How to Cite

Rasul, G. H., & Ameen, M. D. (2021). Personality in Jan Dost’s Historical Novels ( The Price’s Message, Three Steps and a Gallows) as Examples. Halabja University Journal, 6(4), 14–30. https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10395