Investigating Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation for Learning English Language at College Level: An Analytical Psycholinguistic Study of Kurdish EFL Students
Keywords:Motivation, Intrinsic, Extrinsic, Gender Differences, More-successful Students, Less-successful Students
Emotions, including motivation, have an influence on language learning. The current study concerns intrinsic and extrinsic motivation factors and their relationships with approaching a fundamental purpose of education ‘successful learners’. It also attempts to find out the gender differences and its relationship with both kinds of motivation. Furthermore, this psycholinguistic study used a quantitative method for collecting the data. A questionnaire tool for data collection and SPSS application to analyse the data were utilised. Purposive sampling method was used to choose the participants. Eighty-two students (Female and Male) in English Language Department/ College of Basic Education/ University of Sulaimani responded to the 22 questionnaire items which were designed carefully to the mentioned end. The results revealed that, although, the students are motivated to a high extent in both types of motivation, but their intrinsic motivation level is higher than their extrinsic motivation for English learning. The study found no remarkable effects of gender differences on motivation among Kurdish EFL students, whereas a considerable relationship between more-successful students and motivation was ascertained.
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