Investigating Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation for Learning English Language at College Level: An Analytical Psycholinguistic Study of Kurdish EFL Students

Authors

  • Rassol Mohamad Kheder Rasool English Language Department, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Tazhan Kamal Omer Hama Rashed English Language Department, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10297

Keywords:

Motivation, Intrinsic, Extrinsic, Gender Differences, More-successful Students, Less-successful Students

Abstract

Emotions, including motivation, have an influence on language learning. The current study concerns intrinsic and extrinsic motivation factors and their relationships with approaching a fundamental purpose of education ‘successful learners’. It also attempts to find out the gender differences and its relationship with both kinds of motivation. Furthermore, this psycholinguistic study used a quantitative method for collecting the data. A questionnaire tool for data collection and SPSS application to analyse the data were utilised. Purposive sampling method was used to choose the participants. Eighty-two students (Female and Male) in English Language Department/ College of Basic Education/ University of Sulaimani responded to the 22 questionnaire items which were designed carefully to the mentioned end. The results revealed that, although, the students are motivated to a high extent in both types of motivation, but their intrinsic motivation level is higher than their extrinsic motivation for English learning. The study found no remarkable effects of gender differences on motivation among Kurdish EFL students, whereas a considerable relationship between more-successful students and motivation was ascertained.  

References

Alizadeh, M. (2016). The Impact of Motivation on English Language Learning. International Journal of Research in English Education, 1(1), 11–15.

Alqurashi, F. (2014). The Effects of Motivation on EFL College Students’ Achievement. Studies in English Language Teaching, 7(1), 83–98. doi:10.22158/selt.v7n1p 83

Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of language learning and teaching: a course in second language acquisition (4th ed.). White Plains, NY: Pearson Education.

Cook, V. (1969). The analogy between first and second language learning. IRAl: Reprinted in Lugton and Heinle (1971).

Dörnyei, Z. (2001). Teaching and researching: Motivation. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education Ltd.

Ellis, R. (1991). Instructed second language acquisition. Oxford: Blackwell.

Harmer, J. (2011). The practice of English language teaching. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education Ltd.

Harthy, S. R. A. (2017). English Language Motivation between Gender and Cultures. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 7(2), 123–132. doi: 10.5901/jesr.2017.v7n2p123

Hutchinson, T., & Waters, A. (2010). English for specific purposes a learning-centred approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, K. (2008). An introduction to foreign language learning and teaching. Edinburgh Gate: Pearson Education Limited.

Kennedy, G. (1973). Conditions for language learning. In Oller and Richards (1973).

Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2013). How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mahadi, T. T., & Jafari, S.M. (2012). Motivation, Its Types, and Its Impacts in Language Learning. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(24), 230-235

McDonough, J., Shaw, C., & Masuhara, H. (2013). Materials and methods in Elt: a teacher’s guide. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

McDonough, S. H. (2002). Applied linguistics in language education. London: Arnold.

Nunan, D. (2001). Second language teaching & learning. Boston: An International Thomson Publishing Company.

Prator, C. (1969). Adding a second language. TESOL Quarterly, 3/2.

Renandya, W. A., & Richards, J. C. (2002). Methodology in language teaching: an anthology of current practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J.C., & Rodgers, Th. S. (2014). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sant,N. (2018).A Study on Factors Affecting Students’ Motivation in the English Language Classrooms at Maija Yang Institute of Education, Kachin State, Myanmar. Language in India, 18(4), 199-220

Scrivener, J. (2011). Learning teaching: the essential guide to English language teaching. London: Macmillan Education.

Ur, P. (2012). A course in English language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vobulphol,J. (2016). Students’ Motivation and Learning and Teachers’ Motivational

Strategies in English Classrooms in Thailand. English language teaching, 9(4), 64-75.

Zubairi, M. A. & Sarudin, H. I. (2009). Motivation to Learn a Foreign Language in Malaysia. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 9(2), 73–87. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288799212.

Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Rasool, R. M. K. ., & Hama Rashed, T. K. O. . (2020). Investigating Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation for Learning English Language at College Level: An Analytical Psycholinguistic Study of Kurdish EFL Students. Halabja University Journal, 5(2), 85–98. https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10297

Issue

Section

Articles