The Effect of Geology and Topography on the Geographical Distribution of Springs in Sirwan District, Halabja Governorate

Authors

  • Rebaz Hama Gharib Ahmed Department of Geography, College of Humanities, University of Halabja, Halabja, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10475

Keywords:

Springs, Geology, Topography, Geological formation, Geographical distribution

Abstract

The study area is located in the north of Halabja province and constitutes 12.9% of its total area. This study dealt with the geographical analysis of the geological structure and topography of the region. Its height ranges from 439 to 2024 meters above sea level. Its geological formations date back to the Jurassic, Triassic, and Cretaceous The aim of the study is to highlight the impact of each of these geological formations on the geographical distribution of springs in the region, which plays a major role in the presence and density of springs distribution. Where it was found that 63% of the springs are due to the formations of Balambo and Kometan and the new sediments. Also, 90% of the springs are found at an altitude ranging from 500 to 1500 meters above sea level. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher relied primarily on field research to identify the geographical locations of the 217 springs. And by using the GIS program in the form of separate maps and tables, the influence of each of the geological factor and topography was clarified in detail, and the research concluded with a set of conclusions and recommendations, and then the list of approved sources was shown.

References

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Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Ahmed, R. H. G. (2023). The Effect of Geology and Topography on the Geographical Distribution of Springs in Sirwan District, Halabja Governorate: . Halabja University Journal, 8(2), 254–272. https://doi.org/10.32410/huj-10475