Basis and advantages performing principle of complementarity by the international criminal court
Keywords:International criminal court, Principle of complementary, National criminal justice, National jurisdication
International criminal court (ICC) It shall be a permanent institution and shall have the power to exercise its jurisdiction over natural persons for the most serious crimes of international concern, as referred to in its Statute (ICC statute), such as Genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and crime of aggression. ICC statute emphasizing that the ICC shall be complementary to national criminal jurisdictions, ICC wants to complement national judicial system not replace them, in this sense it recalling that it is the duty of every State to exercise its criminal jurisdiction over those responsible for international crimes. Complementarity is meant to close gaps in the task of prosecuting perpetrators of international crimes. The principle of complementarity only allows the court to investigate and prosecute crimes and perpetrators, where the concerned state is unwilling or unable genuinely to carry out the investigation or prosecution. The important and main advantages and rationales behind the principle of complementarity are affirming that the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole must not go unpunished. Prosecutions at the domestic level are generally preferred to perform before the ICC because as it generally favours a better access to evidence and testimony and tends to favour the participation to the trial of victims and witnesses and complementarity protects national sovereignty and at the same time promotes state action.
یەکەم: کتێب بە زمانی ئینگلیزی
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دووەم: دکتۆرانامە بە زمانی ئینگلیزیی
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سێیەم: پەیڕەوی بنەڕەتی دادگا و دەستووری نەتەوە یەکگرتووەکان
- Rome statute of the International criminal court, 1998.
- United Nations charter, 1945.
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