Analyzing rebuilding state of post-2003 Iraq from Frances Fukuyama’s concept of state building


  • Handren Ahmad Yahya Relations Politics and International Relations Department, Faculty of Law and International, University of Soran, Soran City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.



State-Building, Nation-Building, Frances Fukuyama, and Sectarianism.


The aim of this paper is to answer the question of study; why was rebuilding Iraq become difficult? This study is important because Iraq has been highlighted one of the most corrupted state in the World. Also, because of its capacity to deal with unrest, terrorism and ongoing social, economic and political instability.
While the process of rebuilding state in Iraq has been adopted since 2003, there have been challenges. Since its birth in 1920, the top down state building project has been adopted by the British. However, the project arguably has failed to deliver its main aim which was building a strong state. Iraq is a multi-ethnic and do not have a common language, history, culture and religion. The Kurds, Shia Arabs and Sunni Arabs have tried to protect their own identities and fought for domination. This internal factors could be seen the main issue of state building. However, after the 2003 invasion by the US led coalition, this internal factor combined with the new political system have become the obstacles to build a strong state. Applying the Fukuyama’s state-building concept in regard to rebuilding Iraq, the author argues that Iraq is a failed because the Iraqi institutions are not organized and not designed well.


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How to Cite

Ahmad Yahya, H. . (2020). Analyzing rebuilding state of post-2003 Iraq from Frances Fukuyama’s concept of state building . Halabja University Journal, 5(3), 241–259.