Al-Qaeda and ISIS’s Islamic Order Versus Middle East State-System: a Comparative Study on Strategy and Ideology


  • Nayar Muhiadeen Hamadamin Department of International Relations, Faculty of Law, Political Science and Management, Soran University, Soran City, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.
  • Othman Ahmed Ali Department of History, College of Arts, Salahaddin University, Erbil City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



Both al-Qaida and ISIS had left significant bearing on international relations of the Middle East. This impact led to the emergence of a serious challenge to the Middle East’s political landscape which emergent in post World War I according to Sykes–Picot treaty of 1916. Although both organizations belong to Salafi Jihadism which is a part of global Jihad, they had different focuses and orientations which have hitherto not explained fully. The focus of this paper is to discuss the differences in their world views and methods of operations to change the Middle East political and security order.



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How to Cite

Muhiadeen Hamadamin, N., & Ahmed Ali, O. . (2022). Al-Qaeda and ISIS’s Islamic Order Versus Middle East State-System: a Comparative Study on Strategy and Ideology . Halabja University Journal, 6(1), 209–237.